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Archive for June, 2009

On SBY

Early Life

His life record was so perfect, unparalleled by any other Indonesian recent politician. Born as the only son of a low rank soldier in the poorest region of East Java. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY),  came to earth at noon of 9th September 1949 when the hot sun rays baked the already dried hills of Seribu mountain range of Pacitan regency. SBY born among big families of Tremas Islamic boarding school (pesantren). He inherit the blood of the founder of Pesantren Tremas from his mother and founder of Pesantren Gontor from his father.

Little SBY live with his uncle, the chief of Tremas village, since his father was always moving to carry out his military duty. Even as the only son, he is not spoiled. Life was hard and so did young SBY hard to himself. His intelligence made him reference for his school friends especially who asked him to teach them in science, mathematics, and English language. Although it mean he must walk kilometers away to go to his friend’s house only to teach them. As reward, his friend treat him meal.

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Batavia during 17th century is the biggest port city in south east Asia, the main port of Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) to control trade in Asia. From Batavia spices, copper, and silk were sent to Europe.

Batavia during 17th century is the biggest port city in south east Asia, the main port of Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) to control trade in Asia. From Batavia, spices, copper and silk were sent to Europe. (Source: UPT Kota Tua)

Prosperous port city, well organized, and clear river water… Tom Pires on his book Suma Oriental described about Kalapa, a city port of a Hindu Kingdom in Java Island.

Pires was on the voyage of four Portuguese ships sail from Malacca in Malaya peninsula to Java led by de Alvin in 1513. Pires also notes that a port in the estuary of Ciliwung river, later known as Sunda Kalapa, was well governed as there were port master, judge, and port treasurer (mangkubumi).

Sunda Kalapa ruler was Sanghyang Surawisesa whose father Sri Baduga Ratu Jayadewa the king of Pakuan pajajaran, had had him sent to Malacca in previous year to request for help from Alfonso d’ Albuquerque to encounter the coming influence from Islamic Kingdom of Demak and Cirebon. According to Pires, Kalapa administrator only permitted small numbers of Islamic merchant vessel to enter the harbour. But Jakarta historian, Ridwan Saidi, said there was significant numbers of Moslem merchant lived peacefully along with their Hindu host in Sunda Kalapa.

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